Special Focus - information and contents
English is a Germanic language, that is, it belongs to the same family of languages as German, Dutch, Swedish, Norwegian and Danish, and shares a core vocabulary with these languages. However, a very large proportion of words in English derives ultimately from Latin, which is the mother language of French, Spanish, Portuguese, Italian and Romanian.
As a result, English has many synonym pairs, with one from Germanic and one from Latin or French. Usually, if the Germanic synonym is informal or colloquial, the Latin synonym is neutral or more formal. If the Germanic synonym is neutral, the Latin synonym is either also neutral or more formal than the Germanic one.
The sentences below are in pairs, with the first sentence in each pair (1, 3, 5, 7, 9, 11) expressed in informal or colloquial language, and the second sentence (2, 4, 6, 8, 10, 12) expressed in more formal or official language. After reading through the sentence pairs to get the gist, for each pair select a phrasal verb (which are mostly Germanic in origin) from box A and put it in the first sentence and then choose a Latin derived word from box B to put in the second sentence. Make sure you put them in the correct forms.
|go along, join in, make up, pick up, run away, tip off||abscond, acquire, fabricate, inform, participate, proceed|